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SME IPO – AN OPPORTUNITY TO CAPITALIZE YOUR BUSINESS

SME IPO – AN OPPORTUNITY TO CAPITALIZE YOUR BUSINESS

By Admin
Calendar

Aug 27 th 2020

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Introduction

In India, micro, small & medium enterprises contribute around 6.11% of the manufacturing GDP & around 24.63% of the service sector GDP. They provide employment to around 120 million people & account for nearly 45% of our country’s exports. Thus, in order to boost the fund-raising capacity of small & medium enterprises, a need was felt to regularize the listing & subsequent trading of such shares. In 2012 NSE & BSE inaugurated their SME platforms for listing & trading of shares. Keeping in mind the nascent stage of these industries, various relaxations are provided to these corporates as regards the criteria for listing & the post listing compliances. However, there is never a relaxation of corporate governance norms. The minimal yet stringent compliances lay the groundwork for companies who will eventually migrate to the Main Board.

 Benefits of Listing        

·        Easy access to funds         

·        Growth, expansion, mergers, acquisitions    

·        Creditor’s confidence while lending

·        Better corporate governance            

·        Branding

·        Improved credit rating        

·        ESOP to employees ensures better performance      

·        Exit option to private equity investors


 SME listing norms

 

Public shareholding

Min 25%

Minimum subscribers in IPO

50

Minimum application amount/ trading lot

Rs. 1 Lakh

Underwriting

100% mandatory (of which 15% has to be done by MD in his own account)

Market making

Through exchange registered market makers for min 3 years

Offer document

Not subject to SEBI observation

IPO grading

Not mandatory

 Listing Criteria

 

BSE SME

NSE Emerge

Financial Requirements

Post issue paid up capital

Min Rs. 3 Cr Max Rs. 25 Cr

Max Rs. 25 Cr

Networth

Min Rs. 3 Cr (excluding revaluation reserve)

Should be positive

Net tangible assets

Min Rs. 3 Cr (as per latest audited financials)

 -

Track record

Distributable profits for 2 out of 3 immediately preceding financial years Or Min net worth of Rs. 5 Cr

Min track record of 3 years Positive cash accruals from operations for min 2 years prior to listing application

Other Requirements

Website

Company should not be referred to BIFR

Trading of shares in demat form & agreements with NSDL & CDSL

No winding up petition has been filed & accepted against the company nor has any liquidator been appointed

No change in promoters 1 year before date of filing of application for listing to stock exchange

No material regulatory or disciplinary action by a stock exchange or regulatory authority in the last 3 years against the company

Disclosure Requirements

Certificate stating that company is not under currently BIFR

Any material regulatory or disciplinary action by a stock exchange or regulatory authority in the past one year

Certificate stating that no winding up petition has been filed & accepted against the company nor has any liquidator been appointed

Defaults in respect of payment of interest and/or principal to the debenture/bond/fixed deposit holders, banks, FIs

Litigation record, the nature of litigation, and status of litigation

Status of criminal cases filed or nature of the investigation being undertaken with regard to alleged commission of any offence by any of its directors and its effect on the business of the company

 Listing process             

·        Appointment of Merchant Banker& legal advisors       

·        Due diligence (financials, material agreements, government approvals, promoter details)

·        Planning IPO structure & timelines 

·        Re-statement of accounts  

·        Corporate restructuring & Board re-shuffling               

·        Preparation of DRHP & submission to Stock exchanges & SEBI            

·        Observations of stock exchange      

·        Site visit by stock exchange              

·        Appointment of other intermediaries: Depositories, Registrar to Issue, Market maker, Bankers to issue, Printers, Advertising agency            

·        Dematerialization of shares               

·        Promoters interview with Listing Advisory Committee               

·        BSE gives in-principal approval based on recommendations of the Committee 

·        Filing of RHP & final prospectus with RoC indicating opening & closing dates of an issue along with other documents             

·        Pre-issue advertisement     

·        After a closure of IPO, submission of documents to exchange for finalization for a basis of allotment

·        Exchange finalizes basis of allotment & issues notice regarding listing & trading              

·        Trading commences within 6 days of closure of the Public issue


 Practical difficulties     

·        Government approvals are not in order          

·        Old secretarial records are improper             

·        Non-compliance with labour laws like gratuity, provident fund, ESIC     

·        Non-compliance of Companies Act provisions             

·        Statutory auditor of company does not have peer review certificate       

·        Company does not have a website/logo        

·        Composition of Board is not as per statutory requirements      

·        On-going litigations             

·        Consent & NOC of banker & lenders to issue              

·        Non-availability of loan sanction letters          

·        Capital build-up, promoters equity, etc


 SME to Main Board Migration Criteria


 Following are the criteria for migration for moving SME to Main Board:            

·        The company should be listed on SME Platform for at least 2 years      

·        Min paid up capital Rs.10 Cr             

·        More than 500 shareholders             

·        Approval from 2/3 of non-promoters shareholders


 Current Scenario          

·        Since 2012, 224 companies have gotten listed on BSE SME, of which 44 have migrated to the Main Board. The BSE SME Board has helped SME companies to raise nearly Rs 1,834 crore. In 2018, nearly 100 companies are expected to get listed on BSE SME.  

·        Currently, 153 companies are listed on NSE Emerge, NSE’s SME listing platform.           

·        SMEs raised a record Rs.1,785 crore through IPOs in 2017, which was more than three times the funds raised in 2016.         

·        Funds raised are used for business expansion plans, working capital requirements and other general corporate purposes.             

·        Geographically, Gujarat dominates the IPO space, followed by Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Telangana,West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab.         

·        These companies represent diverse industry base such as media and entertainment manufacturing, textiles, engineering, finance, chemicals, agriculture, food processing and construction.          

·        As SMEs are spread across various sectors, they are fast emerging as an alternate asset class for investors.               

·        SEBI has proposed certain relaxations for startups that want to get listed


 Startup listings              

·        Google is listed on Nasdaq. Listing price: $85. Current price: $1,167.  

·        Apple is listed on Nasdaq. Listing price: $22. Current price: $184.

·        Koovs is listed on AIM, a sub-market of the London Stock Exchange, the first Indian e-commerce company to list overseas.             

·        MakeMyTrip is listed on US Nasdaq.             

·        Flipkart is registered in Singapore and now a part of Walmart.              

·        JustDial is the only internet-based company listed in India.

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Category

  • All
  • Boardrooms
  • BOARDROOMS
  • Independent Directors
  • Role of Board
  • Mindset Shifts of Boards
  • Independent Directors and Promoters
  • Sustainability / ESG
  • business implication
  • employee exits
  • COMMITTEE MEETINGS
  • Union Budget
  • Independent Director
  • Grow with Governance
  • Grow with Governance
  • INDEPENDENT DIRECTOR
  • Entrepreneurial Board
  • ESG & ITS IMPORTANCE
  • leadership coaching
  • Change Management
  • Advisory Boards
  • Boards
  • Boardroom
  • Brand Yourself as a Leader of the Company
  • Kindness
  • Are you hesitant to speak in the Boardroom!
  • Governance & ESG
  • Directors
  • Independent Directors
  • Corporate Governance
  • Leader development
  • Gratitude, Purpose
  • decision making
  • Systematic Investment Plans in Emotional Intelligence
  • Corporate Governance
  • The Board’s Role in ESG!
  • Balance Boards
  • Agility and Compassion
  • Governance and Board
  • Diversity and Inclusion
  • Directors,Promoter Directors
  • Board Members, Directors and Independent Directors
  • Board and Senior Management
  • New Directors
  • Cyber Insurance
  • Salary Increment
  • Economy Growth
  • Human Resources
  • Generating Wealth Beyond Money
  • Agile Mindset for Leadership
  • Aspiring Independent Directors
  • Board Leadership
  • Corporate Governance & Women on Boards
  • BOARD MEMBER
  • SME
  • WOMEN DIRECTOR
  • BOARD MEMBERS

Archive

  • 2021
    • April (3)
      • Will you drive your vehicle without a dashboard?
      • Are you making SIPs to improve your Emotional Intelligence
      • Corporate Governance needs a Moral Compass – Ethics in Indian Boardrooms!
    • August (9)
      • Grow with Governance: ESG is the umbrella for CSR, says Vedanta's Roma Balwani
      • Grow with Governance: PadUp Ventures' Rajat Jain Demystifies Correlation of Governance and Economic Growth
      • Grow with Governance: Family governance impacts the culture of a family-run business, says Equations Advisors' Mita Dixit
      • Entrepreneurial Board
      • NEW REGULATORY PROVISIONS RELATED TO INDEPENDENT DIRECTORS
      • ESG & ITS IMPORTANCE FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF BOARD MEETING
      • Start early, don't wait till retirement to become an Independent Director, says Increate Value Advisors' Milind Sarwate
      • The winding road of leadership coaching in the post-pandemic era
      • Challenges of Organizational Culture Change
    • February (4)
      • Re-examination of Purpose by the Boards in Post -Pandemic Era
      • What Makes Great Boards Great! Performance Evaluation by Boards and Role of Independent Directors
      • Promoter Director – Time to become Custodian of Governance!
      • Diversity and Inclusion – The Board Perspective!
    • January (2)
      • New Directors - Have you done your due diligence
      • Cyber Security Insurance and Boards
    • July (7)
      • Why Advisory Boards Are Important for Indian Business Corporates?
      • Grow with Governance: ESG essential to repair the damage economic activities caused to the earth, says CA Shailesh Haribhakti
      • Top 10 areas to contribute in Boards as Independent Directors
      • Top 10 Questions to Ask in Boardrooms!
      • Essential HOWs of Boardroom!
      • Kindness is key
      • How to Brand Yourself as a Leader of the Company?
    • June (6)
      • Leading from the Boardroom
      • Are you hesitant to speak in the Boardroom!
      • The Neem Project a Leadership case study
      • Directors Liability in India
      • Why do promoters need Independent Directors?
      • Corporate Governance Deviation – Infosys Case Study
    • March (4)
      • Board Refreshment: Finding the Right Balance for your Board!
      • HR Governance and Board – How Important Is It?
      • Agility and Compassion: Two Pillars for Boards in the Post Pandemic Era!
      • Modernizing Governance: The Board’s Role in ESG!
    • May (3)
      • Restructuring appraisals in 2021 – Gratitude, Purpose & Meritocracy
      • How do you make your personal Brand?
      • Leadership Coaching: How does it help Leaders
    • October (2)
      • Are Independent Director’s required on the Board?
      • 'Ethics & Governance' lesson should start from school, says Federal Bank's Independent Director, Sankarshan Basu
    • September (3)
      • Grow with Governance: As an Independent Director ensure your voice is heard, says Apurva Purohit
      • Grow with Governance: Push for ESG agenda; pool CSR funds to maximise impact, says Ranganath NK, former MD of Grundfos Pumps
      • Grow with Governance: Boards should prepare companies for different risks, says National Insurance Academy's G Srinivasan
  • 2020
    • August (4)
      • WOMEN DIRECTOR-An Emerge
      • ARE YOUR BOARD MEMBERS SAVVY WITH FINANCIAL TERMS AND EXCEL IN FINANCIAL LITERACY QUOTIENT AS PER COMPANIES ACT 2013 MANDATES.
      • BOARD MEMBER SELECTION- A TASK OF PERFECTION
      • SME IPO – AN OPPORTUNITY TO CAPITALIZE YOUR BUSINESS
    • December (3)
      • Good or bad, Salary Increments always cause a heartburn among employees
      • Is Economic Progress Enough?
      • Emotional Intelligence
    • November (3)
      • Generating Wealth Beyond Money
      • "Agile Mindset for Leadership"
      • Tips for Aspiring Independent Directors
    • September (3)
      • Independent Director
      • Lean Thinking Boards
      • Corporate Governance & Women on Boards
  • 2022
    • August (1)
      • Liability of Independent Directors – An Important Aspect of Corporate Governance
    • February (4)
      • A Hero's Farewell: How to handle employee exits with dignity
      • Green Bonds: An Instrument for Financing a Sustainable Future
      • Tool for effectiveness of Board Committees - Ask Right Questions
      • Russia-Ukraine war and India’s Business Implication
    • July (2)
      • Stagnation or Evolution – Mindset Shifts of Boards when Company sees Stagnated Growth
      • Risk Assessment and Minimization Procedures – Role of Board
    • March (2)
      • A study on Sustainability Report of Container Shipping Companies.
      • India and The ESG impact of Crypto Currencies
    • May (1)
      • Independent Directors liability under GST
    • November (1)
      • Workplace Sexual Harassment and the Role of Board
    • October (2)
      • How many Boards are too many?
      • Women in Indian Boardrooms Vs Diversity = Inversely Proportionate
    • September (2)
      • Organizing for the Future – Important keys to becoming future ready
      • Are you ready to serve on the Board?